The Pretenders​​​

The Pretenders are an English-American rock band formed in Hereford, England, in March 1978. The original band consisted of initiator and main songwriter  Chrissie Hynde (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), James Honeyman-Scott (lead guitar, backing vocals, keyboards), Pete Farndon (bass guitar, backing vocals), and Martin Chambers (drums, backing vocals, percussion). Following the drug-related deaths of Honeyman-Scott and Farndon, the band has experienced numerous subsequent personnel changes, with Hynde as the only consistent member, and Chambers returning after an absence of several years

Hynde, originally from Akron, Ohio, moved to London in 1973, working at the weekly music paper NME and at Malcolm McLaren and Vivienne Westwood's clothes store. She was involved with early versions of the Clash and the Damned and played in short-lived bands such as Masters of the Backside (1976) and the Moors Murderers (1978 lineup).  The Pretenders formed in 1978 after Dave Hill at Anchor Records heard some demos of Hynde's music. He arranged a rehearsal studio in Denmark Street, where a 3-piece band consisting of Hynde, Mal Hart on bass (he had played with Hynde and Steve Strange in the Moors Murderers), and Phil Taylor of Motörhead on drums played a selection of Hynde's original songs. Dave Hill was impressed and arranged a day at Studio 51 to record another demo. Although it was rough, he felt he had seen and heard enough "star potential" to suggest that Hynde form a more permanent band to record for his new label, Real Records. Hynde then formed a band composed of Pete Farndon on bass, James Honeyman-Scott on guitar, and Gerry Mcilduff replacing Jon Adkin on drums. This band, then without a name, recorded five tracks at Regents Park Studio in July 1978, including "Stop Your Sobbing". Shortly thereafter Gerry Mcilduff was replaced on drums by Martin Chambers and Hynde named the band "The Pretenders" after the Platters song *" The Great Pretender " which was the favourite song of one of her former boyfriends

The band's first single, a cover of the Kinks  song *" Stop Your Sobbing " (produced by Nick Lowe and recorded at the July Regents Park sessions) was released in January 1979 and gained critical attention. It was followed in June with *" Kid ", and then in January 1980 the band got to No. 1 in the UK with *" Brass in Pocket ", which was also successful in the US, reaching No. 14 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Their self-titled debut album was released at the end of December 1979 and was a success in the United Kingdom and the United States both critically and commercially. (Pretenders was subsequently named one of the best albums of all time by VH1, No. 52, and Rolling Stone, No. 155.) The band played at the Heatwave festival during August 1980 near Toronto.
During March 1981, the EP Extended Play was released, containing the UK and US success " Message of Love " and " Talk of the Town ", " Porcelain ", " Cuban Slide " and a live version of *" Precious ", recorded in Central Park.

The second full-length album, Pretenders II, was released during August 1981. Pretenders II included the Extended Play singles, the MTV video success *" Day After Day ", and popular album-radio tracks *" The Adultress ", *" Birds of Paradise ", *" Bad Boys Get Spanked ", and *" The English Roses ".

On 18 September 1981 the Pretenders were the musical guest on the US late night sketch comedy show Fridays. The band performed "The Adulteress", "Message of Love" and *" Louie, Louie ". Andy Kaufman was the guest host of the programme on that night.

Farndon's drug abuse escalated and he was fired after a meeting between Hynde, Honeyman-Scott and Chambers, on 14 June 1982. Two days later, on 16 June 1982, James Honeyman-Scott died of heart failure as a result of cocaine intolerance. Farndon was in the midst of forming a new band with former Clash drummer Topper Headon (who was also a heroin addict and left the band, unable to cope), when he was found dead on 14 April 1983 by his wife. After taking heroin and passing out, Farndon drowned in his bathtub, leaving the Pretenders with two living members

Hynde launched a solo career in 2014, and the Pretenders were dormant as a band between 2012 and 2016. However, The Pretenders are once again active, having issued an album and toured in 2016
  


  
​Posted by ClassicRockA-Z

​Source -  Wikipedia

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